2018-01-04 16:10:14 来源: 食品实验室服务
presence of objectivity
Note 1 to entry: Objectivity means that conflicts of interest do not exist, or are resolved so as not to adversely influence subsequent activities of the laboratory (3.6).
Note 2 to entry: Other terms that are useful in conveying the element of impartiality include “independence”, “freedom from conflict of interests”, “freedom from bias”, “lack of prejudice”, “neutrality”, “fairness”, “open-mindedness”, “even-handedness”, “detachment”, “balance”.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 170211:2015, 3.2, modified — The words “the certification body” have been replaced by “the laboratory” in Note 1 to entry.]
[源自: ISO/IEC 17021-1:2015, 3.2，修改—在注1中以“实验室”代替“认证机构”]
expression of dissatisfaction by any person or organization to a laboratory (3.6), relating to the activities or results of that laboratory, where a response is expected
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17000:2004, 6.5, modified — The words “other than appeal” have been deleted, and the words “a conformity assessment body or accreditation body, relating to the activities of that body” have been replaced by “a laboratory, relating to the activities or results of that laboratory”.]
[源自: ISO 17000:2004, 6.5 修改—删除了“除申诉外”，以“实验室就其活动或结果”代替“合格评定机构或认可机构就其活动”]
3.3 interlaboratory comparison
organization, performance and evaluation of measurements or tests on the same or similar items by two or more laboratories in accordance with predetermined conditions
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.4]
[源自: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.4]
3.4 intralaboratory comparison
organization, performance and evaluation of measurements or tests on the same or similar items, within the same laboratory (3.6), in accordance with predetermined conditions
3.5 proficiency testing
evaluation of participant performance against pre-established criteria by means of interlaboratory comparisons (3.3)
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.7, modified — Notes to entry have been deleted.]
[源自: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.7—修改:删除了注]
body that performs one or more of the following activities:
— sampling, associated with subsequent testing or calibration
Note 1 to entry: In the context of this document, “laboratory activities” refer to the three above-mentioned activities.
3.7 decision rule
rule that describes how measurement uncertainty is accounted for when stating conformity with a specified requirement
provision of objective evidence that a given item fulfils specified requirements
EXAMPLE 1 Confirmation that a given reference material as claimed is homogeneous for the quantity value and measurement procedure concerned, down to a measurement portion having a mass of 10 mg.
EXAMPLE 2 Confirmation that performance properties or legal requirements of a measuring system are achieved.
EXAMPLE 3 Confirmation that a target measurement uncertainty can be met.
Note 1 to entry: When applicable, measurement uncertainty should be taken into consideration.
Note 2 to entry: The item may be, for example, a process, measurement procedure, material, compound, or measuring system.
Note 3 to entry: The specified requirements may be, for example, that a manufacturer’s specifications are met.
Note 4 to entry: Verification in legal metrology, as defined in VIML, and in conformity assessment in general, pertains to the examination and marking and/or issuing of a verification certificate for a measuring system.
Note 5 to entry: Verification should not be confused with calibration. Not every verification is a validation (3.9).
Note 6 to entry: In chemistry, verification of the identity of the entity involved, or of activity, requires a description of the structure or properties of that entity or activity.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, 2.44]
[源自: ISO/IEC 指南99:2007，2.44]
verification (3.8), where the specified requirements are adequate for an intended use
EXAMPLE A measurement procedure, ordinarily used for the measurement of mass concentration of nitrogen in water, may be validated also for measurement of mass concentration of nitrogen in human serum.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, 2.45]
[源自: ISO/IEC 指南99:2007，2.45]